The paper investigates the effect of non-equilibrium behaviour of boundary layers on the profile loss of a compressor. The investigation is undertaken using both direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a mid-height section of a compressor blade and a reduced order model, MISES. The solutions are validated using experimental measurements made in the embedded stage of a multistage low speed compressor. The paper shows that up to 35% of the suction surface boundary layer of the compressor blade exhibits non-equilibrium behaviour. The size of this region reduces as the Reynolds number is increased. The non-equilibrium behaviour was found to reduce profile loss in most cases, however, in a range of cases where transition occurs through a small separation the presence of non-equilibrium behaviour was found to increase profile loss.

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