Coupling of high fidelity component calculations with overall engine performance simulations (zooming) can provide more accurate physics and geometry based estimates of component performance. Such a simulation strategy offers the ability to study complex phenomena and their effects on engine performance and enables component design changes to be studied at engine system level. Additionally, component interaction effects can be better captured. Overall, this approach can reduce the need for testing and the engine development time and cost.
Different coupling methods and tools have been proposed and developed over the years ranging from integrating the results of the high fidelity code through conventional performance component maps to fully-integrated three-dimensional CFD models.
The present paper deals with the direct integration of an in-house two-dimensional (through flow) streamline curvature code (SOCRATES) in a commercial engine performance simulation environment (PROOSIS) with the aim to establish the necessary coupling methodology that will allow future advanced studies to be performed (e.g. engine condition diagnosis, design optimization, mission analysis, distorted flow).
A notional two-shaft turbofan model typical for light business jets and trainer aircraft is initially created using components with conventional map-defined performance. Next, a derivative model is produced where the fan component is replaced with one that integrates the high fidelity code. For both cases, an operating line is simulated at sea-level static take-off conditions and their performances are compared.
Finally, the versatility of the approach is further demonstrated through a parametric study of various fan design parameters for a better thermodynamic matching with the driving turbine at design point operation.