High-pressure ratio centrifugal compressors require advanced diffusion systems to achieve enhanced efficiencies set by future turbocharger applications. To address the shortcomings of the commonly used channel diffuser and airfoil cascade design perspectives, a streamtube based area-schedule is adopted paying special attention to the diffuser entry region. It is shown that the diffusion in the semi-vaneless-space, controlled chiefly by inlet flow angle and the vane suction side geometry, plays a key role in improving diffuser performance. Removing excess thickness from the suction side eliminates flow overspeed, increases effective diffusion length, and leads to higher pressure recovery at reduced stagnation pressure loss. The pressure side thickness distribution controls the channel area schedule. Thin leading edges ensure smooth flow area transition into the channel and reduce the vane upstream influence, mitigating high-cycle fatigue related mechanical issues.
Area-Schedule Based Design of High Pressure Recovery Radial Diffusion Systems
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Gao, R, Spakovszky, Z, Rusch, D, & Hunziker, R. "Area-Schedule Based Design of High Pressure Recovery Radial Diffusion Systems." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2D: Turbomachinery. Seoul, South Korea. June 13–17, 2016. V02DT42A022. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2016-57044
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