This paper proposes a preliminary subsonic aircraft and engine noise assessment framework, capable of computing the aircraft total noise level at all three certification points (i.e. Approach, Lateral, and Flyover) defined by the International Civil Aviation Organisation. The proposed framework is numerically integrated to account for the complete aircraft noise sources (i.e. the fuselage, wings, landing gear, as well as noise sources resulting from the engine component level, (i.e. fan, compressor, combustor, turbine, and jet). The developed framework is based on a wide-range of empirical and semi-empirical correlations collected from the public domain literature. The fidelity of the framework also caters for flight effects such as atmospheric attenuation, spherical spreading, Doppler shift, lateral attenuation, retarded time and ground reflection. A conversion between the sound pressure level SPL [SPLdB] to effective perceived noise level EPNL [EPNdB] is also included to allow for a consistent comparison with the certification procedure. Through the successful deployment of the proposed framework a generic aircraft model, representative of a modern commercial carrier aircraft has been investigated, operating under representative operational conditions. The sound pressure level corresponding to various aircraft and engine component have been thoroughly investigated and verified with trends acquired based on the theory. Furthermore, the predictions made by the framework corresponding to the aforementioned three certification points have also been verified against the noise level measurements provided by the International Civil Aviation Organization. The results acquired exhibit good correlation against the verification data for total noise levels at the microphones. Furthermore, a component level comparison is also presented which exhibit good agreement with verification data. The deployed methodology can essentially be regarded as an enabling technology to support the effective and efficient implementation of framework(s) (i.e. Technoeconomic, Environmental and Risk Assessment) targeted to evaluate the existing and advanced aircraft and engine architectures in terms of operational performance and environmental impact.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
A Noise Assessment Framework for Subsonic Aircraft and Engines
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Ali, F, Ellbrant, L, Elmdahl, D, & Grönstedt, T. "A Noise Assessment Framework for Subsonic Aircraft and Engines." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine. Seoul, South Korea. June 13–17, 2016. V001T01A039. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2016-58012
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