In order to deepen the knowledge of the interaction between modern lean burn combustors and high pressure turbines, a real scale annular three sector combustor simulator has been assembled at University of Florence, with the goal of investigating and characterizing the generated aerothermal field and the hot streaks transport between combustor exit and the high pressure vanes location. To generate hot streaks and simulate lean burn combustors behavior, the rig is equipped with axial swirlers, fed by main air flow that is heated up to 531 K, and liners with effusion cooling holes that are fed by air at ambient temperature. The three sector configuration is used to reproduce the periodicity on the central sector and to allow to perform measurements inside the chamber, through the lateral walls.
Ducts of different length have been mounted on the swirlers, preserving the hot mainflow from the interaction with coolant. Such configurations, together with the one without ducts, have been tested, using different measurement techniques, in order to highlight the differences in the resulting flow fields.
First of all, isothermal PIV measurements have been performed on the combustion chamber symmetry plane, to highlight the mixing phenomena between the mainflow and cooling flows. Then a detailed investigation of the mean aerothermal field at combustor exit has been carried out, for nominal operating conditions, by means of a five hole pressure probe provided with a thermocouple, installed on an automatic traverse system. With the aim of analyzing the hot streaks transport and the flow field modification towards the vanes location, such measurements have been performed on two different planes: one located in correspondence of the combustor exit and the further one placed downstream, in the virtual location of the vanes leading edges.
Therefore, an experimental database, describing the evolution of the flow field in a combustor simulator with typical traits of modern lean burn chambers, for different injector geometries, has been set up.