An accelerated deposition test facility is used to study the effect of particle size and film cooling on deposit roughness, spatial distribution and thickness. Tests were run at gas turbine representative inlet Mach numbers (0.08) and temperatures (1080°C). Deposits were created from a sub-bituminous coal fly ash with mass median diameters from 4 to 16 microns (Stokes numbers ranging from 0.1 to 1.9. Two CFM56-5B nozzle guide vane doublets comprising three full passages and two half passages of flow were utilized as the test articles. Tests were run with three levels of film cooling. The addition of film cooling to the vanes was shown to decrease deposit capture efficiency by as much as a factor of 3 and shift the primary location of deposit buildup to the leading edge coincident with an increased region of positive cooling backflow margin. Video taken during tests noted that film cooling holes with negative backflow margin were primary areas of deposit formation regardless of film cooling percentage. Stokes number was shown to have a marked effect on vane capture efficiency, with the largest Stokes number ash (St = 1.9) approximately 3 times as likely to stick to the vane as the smallest Stokes number ash (St = 0.1). Post test observations on deposit thickness were made using a coordinate measurement machine. Deposit thickness was noted to be reduced with decreasing Stokes number and increased film cooling percentage. Deposit surface roughness falls with particle size but is only weakly dependent on cooling level.
The Effect of Particle Size and Film Cooling on Nozzle Guide Vane Deposition
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Bonilla, C, Webb, J, Clum, C, Casaday, B, Brewer, E, & Bons, JP. "The Effect of Particle Size and Film Cooling on Nozzle Guide Vane Deposition." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B. Copenhagen, Denmark. June 11–15, 2012. pp. 1051-1059. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2012-69084
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