A numerical study on the unsteady tip leakage flow with discrete micro tip injection from casing shroud in a low-speed isolated axial compressor rotor is presented. The main target is to clarify the flow mechanism of how the stall control measures act on the tip leakage flow typified by its self-induced unsteady flow characteristics. At operating condition near stall point, a series of calculations have been carried out for different axial position of injector and different injected mass flow rate. The computation results of flow field near rotor tip region show that under the influence of injected flow, the transient pressure distribution fluctuates along blade chord on both pressure and suction sides with respect to the relative position of injector and rotor. The pressure difference across the pressure and suction sides of compressor blade changes correspondingly, thus introduces a forced flow unsteadiness interacting with the unsteady tip leakage flow. When the injection is relatively strong and able to meet the tip leakage flow at its origination, the self-induced unsteadiness of tip leakage flow can be suppressed completely. In most cases, both frequency components of the self-induced unsteadiness and forced-induced unsteadiness are co-existing. The corresponding transient flow contours show that a local high pressure spot appears near blade pressure side, which moves downstream and shifts the tip leakage flow trajectory with less or without touching the neighboring pressure surface of the blade. Based on this understanding of discrete tip injection as force-induced flow unsteadiness, the numerical results are also analyzed to optimize the effect of injection in changing the route of tip leakage flow trajectories and therefore the chance of stability improvement of the compressor rotor.
Numerical Study on the Response of Tip Leakage Flow Unsteadiness to Micro Tip Injection in a Low-Speed Isolated Compressor Rotor
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Geng, S, Zhang, H, Chen, J, & Huang, W. "Numerical Study on the Response of Tip Leakage Flow Unsteadiness to Micro Tip Injection in a Low-Speed Isolated Compressor Rotor." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B. Montreal, Canada. May 14–17, 2007. pp. 1757-1767. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2007-27729
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