This paper describes an experimental investigation of the spray created by Jet A fuel injection from a plate containing sharp edged orifice 0.018 inches (457 μm) in diameter and L/D ratio of 10 into the crossflow of preheated air (555 K) at elevated pressure in the test section (4 ata) and liquid to air momentum-flux ratio of 40. A 2 component Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer used for measuring the characteristics of the spray. The Weber number of the spray in crossflow was varied between 33 and 2020 and the effect of Weber number on spray properties was investigated. It was seen that shear breakup mechanism dominates at Weber number greater than about 100. Droplets’ diameters were found to be in the range of 15-30 microns for higher values of Weber numbers, while larger droplets (100-200 microns) were observed at Weber number of 33. Larger droplets were observed at the periphery of the spray. The droplet velocities and diameters were measured in a plane 30mm downstream of the orifice along the centerline of the spray at an incoming air flow Mach number of 0.2 and liquid to air momentum-flux ratio of 40. The droplets reach a maximum of 90% of the flow velocity at this location. The velocity of droplets in the directions perpendicular to the air flow direction is higher at the periphery of the spray possibly due to the presence of larger droplets. The RMS values of the droplet velocities are highest slightly off center of the centerline of the spray showing the presence of strong vortices formed due to the liquid jet in crossflow. The data presented here could serve as benchmark data for CFD code validation.
Sprays in Cross Flow: Dependence on Weber Number
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Lubarsky, E, Reichel, JR, Zinn, BT, & McAmis, R. "Sprays in Cross Flow: Dependence on Weber Number." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 2: Turbo Expo 2007. Montreal, Canada. May 14–17, 2007. pp. 481-492. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2007-27645
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