The present paper describes a study that is aimed at establishing and quantifying the benefits of the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method for predicting scalar turbulent transport in a combustor relevant jet-mixing problem. A non-reacting co-annular jet mixing configuration is considered for which comprehensive experimental data for both velocity and scalar fields have recently been obtained. Detailed comparisons are presented for the development of the axial velocity field in terms of both mean and turbulence intensity. Similarly, the mixing between the jets is examined by comparison with measurements for the mean concentration and the variance of concentration fluctuations. Agreement with these statistically averaged fields is demonstrated to be very good, and a considerable improvement over the standard eddy viscosity RANS approach. Illustrations are presented of the time-resolved information that LES provides such as time histories, and also conserved scalar pdf predictions. The LES results are shown, even using a simple Smagorinsky sub-grid-scale model, to predict correctly lower values of the turbulent Prandtl number (∼ 0.6) in the free shear regions of the flow, as well as higher values (∼ 1.0) in the wall-affected regions. The ability to predict turbulent Prandtl number variations (rather than input these as commonly done in most combustor RANS CFD models) is an important and promising feature of the LES approach for combustor simulation since it is known to be important in determining combustor exit temperature traverse.
Simulation of Scalar Mixing in Co-Axial Jet Flows Using an LES Method
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Dianat, M, Jiang, D, Yang, Z, & McGuirk, JJ. "Simulation of Scalar Mixing in Co-Axial Jet Flows Using an LES Method." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 2: Turbo Expo 2005. Reno, Nevada, USA. June 6–9, 2005. pp. 721-728. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2005-69010
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