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Research Papers

On the Spin Surface of RSSR Mechanisms With Parallel Rotary Axes

[+] Author and Article Information
Georg Nawratil

Institute of Discrete Mathematics and Geometry, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10/104, Vienna, A-1040, Austrianawratil@geometrie.tuwien.ac.at

J. Mechanisms Robotics 2(1), 011009 (Dec 18, 2009) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4000520 History: Received November 24, 2008; Revised July 06, 2009; Published December 18, 2009

Due to Cayley’s theorem the line sΣ (=moving system) spanned by the centers of the spherical joints of a revolute-spherical-spherical-revolute linkage generates a surface of degree 8. In the special case of parallel rotary axes of the R-joints the corresponding ruled surface is only of degree 6. Now the point locus of any point XΣ\{s} is a surface of order 16 (general case) or of order 12 (special case). Hunt (1978, Kinematic Geometry of Mechanisms, Clarendon, Oxford) suggested that the circularity of this so called spin-surface for the general case is 8 and this was later proved. We demonstrate that the circularity of the spin-surface for the special case is 4 instead of 6 as given in the literature (1994, “The (True) Stewart Platform Has 12 Configurations,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, pp. 2160–2165). As a consequence generalized triangular symmetric simplified manipulators (the three rotary axes need not be coplanar) with two parallel rotary joints can have up to 16 solutions instead of 12 (2006, Parallel Robots, 2nd ed., Springer, New York). We show that this upper bound cannot be improved by constructing an example for which the maximal number of assembly modes is reached. Moreover, we list all parallel manipulators of this type where more than 4×2=8 points are located on the imaginary spherical circle.

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Figures

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Figure 1

Sketch of an RSSR mechanism and the spin surface Φ traced by a point X∊Σ\{s}

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Figure 2

TSSM with the assembled and disconnected third leg, respectively, and parallel rotary axes a1,a2

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Figure 3

Sketch of the situation at the plane at infinity ω

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Figure 4

Screenshot of the software EUKLID DYNAGEO , which was used to generate an example with 16 assembly modes

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Figure 5

Assembly mode that corresponds with L1

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Figure 6

Assembly mode that corresponds with L2

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Figure 7

Assembly mode that corresponds with L¯3

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Figure 8

Assembly mode that corresponds with L¯4

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